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A number of Fb posts shared consistently in March 2021 declare that 50 per cent of South Koreans put up with from fundamental professional medical conditions. The declare is deceptive: there are no formal studies to support the declare and the figures cited in the misleading posts are possibly out-of-date or inaccurate.
The declare was shared on Facebook below on March 5, 2021.
Element of the Korean-language assert reads: “As of March 2021, South Korea’s populace stood at 50 million.
“The selection of persons with superior blood force was 11 million, that of those with diabetes stood at 10 million, with bronchial asthma at 1.37 million, with most cancers at 2 million, with dementia and stroke with each other at 1 million.
“This suggests 50 % of South Koreans undergo fundamental clinical problems.”
The write-up circulated as South Korea continues to administer Covid-19 vaccines and battle the spread of the virus, as Yonhap Information Company reported right here on March 9, 2021. Health and fitness officials have prolonged warned that underlying health care conditions raise the hazard of extreme Covid-19.
Nonetheless, the declare is misleading.
A evaluate of the figures said in the posts discovered they are all outdated or inaccurate.
The variety of South Koreans with superior blood pressure, for instance, is believed to be 12 million as of 2020, in accordance to the Korean Culture of Hypertension. This figure is, in actuality, much larger than the purported statistic noted in the deceptive assert.
The Diabetes Fact Sheet 2020, an once-a-year examine posted by the Korean Diabetic issues Association, also states that South Korea has 4.94 million citizens dwelling in diabetic issues, not 10 million as the deceptive posts claim. The Korean Diabetic issues Association figure is based mostly on 2018 details, which is the most modern out there.
In the meantime, South Korea’s Nationwide Health and fitness Insurance Company (NHIS) reported on Oct 29, 2021, that 2.78 million persons visited hospitals between March and July 2020 for diabetes cure. In 2019, that figure was 2.67 million, in accordance to NHIS.
South Korea’s Overall health Insurance Review and Evaluation Services claimed on September 3, 2019, that about 1.46 million men and women frequented hospitals in 2018 with signs and symptoms of bronchial asthma, which is the latest and most credible variety accessible. This differs a little bit from the 1.37 million figure mentioned in the misleading posts.
The misleading posts declare that 2 million folks put up with from cancer does look to be in line with formal statistics. In January 2021, South Korea’s National Most cancers Centre said that there are 2.01 million cancer sufferers as of 2018, which is the most recent calendar year of info selection.
Finally, the misleading publish statements the overall quantity of folks with possibly dementia and who have suffered a stroke is 1 million. This figure is better than formal stats.
South Korea’s Ministry of Well being and Welfare mentioned that the quantity of people today with dementia as of 2018 is roughly 750,000. In the meantime, South Korea’s Nationwide Health-related Centre estimates the place had 120,584 stroke sufferers as of 2019. The two figures are the latest and most dependable resources to date.
The general claim that 50 per cent of South Koreans undergo from underlying overall health conditions is also not supported by credible resources.
In fact, a modelling research printed below in The Lancet World wide Overall health on June 15, 2021, located that an approximated 28 per cent of South Korea’s inhabitants has at the very least just one fundamental wellness affliction that could enhance the threat of serious Covid-19.
The research, which was carried out at the London University of Hygiene & Tropical Drugs, utilized information from yet another intercontinental review on world health and UN inhabitants estimates to establish the prevalence of fundamental ailments famous by Globe Health and fitness Business recommendations.